Jean-Laurent Bonnafé is the Chief Executive Officer of BNP Paribas from 2011. In 1997, he was appointed Head of Strategy and Development. Following the BNP merger with Paribas in the year 2000, he led the post-merger integration process. In 2002, Jean- Laurent Bonnafé was appointed Head of the BNP Paribas Group’s French Retail Banking division, becoming a member of the Group Executive Committee. In 2006, when BNL was merged into the BNP Paribas Group, he was appointed BNL Managing Director. In 2008, he became BNP Paribas Chief Operating Officer and assumed responsibility for the Retail Banking activities of the entire Group. In 2009, Jean-Laurent Bonnafé was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Fortis Bank, remaining in this post until 2011 with a primary mission to ensure the smooth integration of Fortis Retail Banking activities into the Group. In addition, he sits on the Board of Directors of Carrefour. He graduated in Engineering from the École Polytechnique and the École des Mines.