Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka is United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of UN Women. She has held this position since 2013 and brings a wealth of experience and expertise to this position, having devoted her career to issues of human rights, equality and social justice. She has worked in government and civil society, and with the private sector, and was actively involved in the struggle to end apartheid in her home country of South Africa. From 2005 to 2008, she served as Deputy President of South Africa, overseeing programmes to combat poverty and bring the advantages of a growing economy to the poor, with a particular focus on women. Prior to this, she served as Minister of Minerals and Energy from 1999 to 2005 and Deputy Minister in the Department of Trade and Industry from 1996 to 1999. She was a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 1996 as part of South Africa’s first democratic government. She has completed her PhD on education and technology at the University of Warwick.